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- For historical fortresses in Austria, Germany or Switzerland
- As part of the excuse given by the German Army (Heer) for the slow progress of the Siege of Warsaw
- For German WWII strongholds which were to be held at all costs, especially towards the end of the war:
- Alpine Fortress or Alpenfestung
- Atlantic wall or Festung Europa — a military propaganda term from the Second World War which referred to the areas of Continental Europe occupied by Nazi Germany.
- Stalingrad (see Battle for Stalingrad)
- Warsaw (Festung Warschau) see also the Warsaw Uprising
- Poznań (Battle of Posen)
- Kolobrzeg (Battle of Kolberg)
- Piła (Festung Schneidemühl)
- Wrocław (Festung Breslau)
- Budapest (Battle of Budapest)
- Kaliningrad (Festung Königsberg)
- For entire countries such as Norway which were heavily fortified in World War II. See Festung Norwegen.
- For proposed post war German enclaves in places such as Brest and Trondheim.
- For planned national redoubts such as Switzerland's National Redoubt (Schweizer Alpenfestung).
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